The Derwent Valley Witches - Depositions from York Castle in 1673
By Helen Steadman, Nov 15 2017 09:15PM
My debut historical novel, Widdershins, was inspired by the Newcastle witch trials that took place in 1650. While I’ve been out and about talking about my book, lots of people have asked me whether there were witches in Derwentside.
During the early part of my research, I went to visit the Consett & District Heritage Initiative HQ, and Arthur Harkness kindly provided me with a package of stories taken from various local history sources, entitled The Derwent Valley Witches (including the information below), for which, many thanks!
In the end, I decided to write about the Newcastle trials, which I learned about from Ralph Gardiner’s fascinating book, England’s Grievance Discovered…
The Derwent Valley witch trials happened quarter of a century after the Newcastle trials. So, I may write about these people in due course as I work my way forwards in time, or somebody else might like to pick up their pen as I’m sure there’s at least one novel tucked away here!
Perhaps the most interesting source of information on the Derwent Valley witches is the depositions from York Castle in April 1673. Here, Anne Armstrong, who was evidently an equal-opportunities witchfinder, pointed the finger at thirteen people (conveniently enough, a coven’s worth):
- Anne Forster
- Anne Driden
- Lucy Thompson
- John Crawforth
- William Wright
- Elizabeth Pickering
- Anne Usher
- Michaell Aynesley
- Margaret Aynesley
- Margarett (surname unknown)
- Plus three others (names unknown).
Armstrong’s accusations included being bridled and ridden like a horse to join a coven at Riding Mill. She stated that she’d watched the coven dine with the devil, who was sitting on a gold throne. He presided over a magical table, which filled and refilled with meat and drink. She also reports using cheese as something like a cross between a fortune-telling device and a truth serum. Clearly, seventeenth-century cheese was more potent than its twenty-first century counterpart, which will only give you nightmares if you’re unlucky. In any case, Ms Armstrong might have been suffering from hunger as most of her accusations involve food and drink in one form or another.
Worryingly, many of those accused did go on to confess to all sorts of heinous practices. Perhaps worst of all, Elizabeth Pickering of Whittonstall confessed that she had power over her neighbour’s beasts and that she had killed a neighbour’s child. However, Ms Pickering then went on to accuse several other people. It was fairly common during witch trials for one person to accuse others, perhaps in the hope of saving themselves. And of course, it’s not known what conditions the accused were held in prior to the trials and what methods might have been used to extract these confessions.
So far, I’ve not found out what happened to these people. Hopefully, they were all exonerated and went on to live out their natural lives. If I find out any different, you’ll be the first to know…
If you want to read the depositions for yourself, then they’re available here:
Happy reading (and keep off the cheese), Helen
That was fascinating Helen. I would love to read your book, and will keep my eye out for it in book shops.I have read all the books by Diana Gabaldon, about a "time-travelling" woman, who was into healing & seemed to have something of the witch about her! Will try to get to the library on Wednesday.