The Newcastle witch trials are not very well known about outside the north east of England. I didn’t even know there had been witch trials in Newcastle until I started researching my historical novel, Widdershins in 2011.
Sixteen people – fifteen women and one man – were sentenced to death in August 1650 and they were hanged together on Newcastle’s Town Moor, alongside nine mosstroopers. (These were notorious for sheep and cattle rustling along the border between Scotland and England.)
It’s odd that not much is known about the Newcastle witch trials when it’s one of the biggest mass executions of witches on a single day in England.
The 1612 Pendle witch trials are very well known, and ten people were executed on Gallows Hill in Lancashire. Later, 18 people were executed in Bury St Edmunds in 1645. At the 1645 Chelmsford witch trials, 19 people were executed in all; however, these executions did not take place on the same day, or in the same town. Essex and surrounding areas suffered terribly under witch trials, not least because it was the main stamping ground of the Witchfinder General, Matthew Hopkins.
Here is the list of the Newcastle witch trial victims, who are buried in the graveyard of St Andrew’s church in Newcastle city centre. (People are sometimes surprised to learn that witches were buried in churchyards – often they were buried next to the north wall, which is considered unholy.)
Best wishes, Helen